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Title: Enhanced quantum efficiency from hybrid cesium halide/copper photocathodes

The quantum efficiency (QE) of Cu is found to increase dramatically when coated by a CsI film and then irradiated by a UV laser. Over three orders of magnitude quantum efficiency enhancement at 266 nm is observed in CsI/Cu(100), indicating potential application in future photocathode devices. Upon laser irradiation, a large work function reduction to a value less than 2 eV is also observed, significantly greater than for similarly treated CsBr/Cu(100). The initial QE enhancement, prior to laser irradiation, is attributed to interface interaction and the intrinsic properties of the Cs halide film. Further QE enhancement following activation is attributed to formation of inter-band states and Cs metal accumulation at the interface induced by laser irradiation.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Physical Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22267737
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CESIUM BROMIDES; COPPER; LASER RADIATION; LASERS; PHOTOCATHODES; QUANTUM EFFICIENCY; WORK FUNCTIONS