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Title: Topological insulators/superconductors: Potential future electronic materials

A new material called topological insulator has been discovered and becomes one of the fastest growing field in condensed matter physics. Topological insulator is a new quantum phase of matter which has Dirac-like conductivity on its surface, but bulk insulator through its interior. It is considered a challenging problem for the surface transport measurements because of dominant internal conductance due to imperfections of the existing crystals of topological insulators. By a proper method, the internal bulk conduction can be suppressed in a topological insulator, and permit the detection of the surface currents which is necessary for future fault-tolerant quantum computing applications. Doped topological insulators have depicted a large variety of bulk physical properties ranging from magnetic to superconducting behaviors. By chemical doping, a TI can change into a bulk superconductor. Nb{sub x}Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} is shown to be a superconductor with T{sub c} ∼ 3.2 K, which could be a potential candidate for a topological superconductor.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22266184
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1588; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 4. international meeting on frontiers in physics, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 27-30 Aug 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CRYSTALS; DEFECTS; DETECTION; DOPED MATERIALS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; QUANTUM COMPUTERS; SUPERCONDUCTORS; SURFACES