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Title: Dynamics of thermalization in GaInN/GaN quantum wells grown on ammonothermal GaN

In this work, we present measurements of the dynamics of photoexcited carriers in GaInN/GaN quantum wells (QWs) grown on ammonothermal GaN, especially thermalization and recombination rates. Emission properties were measured by time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence spectroscopy. Due to the use of high quality homoepitaxial material, we were able to obtain very valuable data on carrier thermalization. The temperature dependence of the QW energy observed in PL shows characteristic S-shape with a step of about 10 meV. Such a behavior (related to thermalization and localization at potential fluctuations) is often reported for QWs; but in our samples, the effect is smaller than in heteroepitaxial InGaN/GaN QWs due to lower potential fluctuation in our material. Absorption properties were studied by photocurrent spectroscopy measurements. A comparison of emission and absorption spectra revealed a shift in energy of about 60 meV. Contrary to PL, the QW energy observed in absorption decreases monotonically with temperature, which can be described by a Bose-like dependence E(T) = E(0) − λ/(exp(θ/T) − 1), with parameters λ = (0.11 ± 0.01) eV, θ = (355 ± 20) K, or by a Varshni dependence with coefficients α = (10 ± 3) × 10{sup −4} eV/K and β = (1500 ± 500) K. Taking into account absorption and emission, the fluctuation amplitude (according to Eliseev theory) was σ = 14 meV. The time resolved PLmore » revealed that in a short period (<1 ns) after excitation, the PL peaks were broadened because of the thermal distribution of carriers. We interpreted this distribution in terms of quasi-temperature (T{sub q}) of the carriers. The initial T{sub q} was of the order of 500 K. The thermalization led to a fast decrease of T{sub q}. The obtained cooling time in the QW was τ{sub C} = 0.3 ns, which was faster than the observed recombination time τ{sub R} = 2.2 ns (at 4 K)« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland)
  2. Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics, Tullastr. 72, 79108 Freiburg (Germany)
  3. AMMONO SA, Czerwonego Krzyża 2/31, 00-377 Warsaw (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22266157
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; AMPLITUDES; CARRIERS; COOLING TIME; ELECTROLUMINESCENCE; FLUCTUATIONS; GALLIUM NITRIDES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; QUANTUM WELLS; SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THERMALIZATION; TIME RESOLUTION