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Title: Room temperature multiferroic properties of Pb(Fe{sub 0.5}Nb{sub 0.5})O{sub 3}–Co{sub 0.65}Zn{sub 0.35}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} composites

We report the crystal structure, magnetic, ferroelectric, dielectric, and magneto-dielectric properties of [Pb(Fe{sub 0.5}Nb{sub 0.5})O{sub 3}]{sub (1−x)}[Co{sub 0.65}Zn{sub 0.35}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}]{sub x}: (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4) composites. Rietveld refinement results of X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the formation of these composites for all x values. All the composites show well-saturated ferroelectric and ferromagnetic hysteresis (multiferroic-composite behavior) at room temperature. With increase in Co{sub 0.65}Zn{sub 0.35}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (CZFO) content an increase in saturation magnetization, and decrease in saturation polarization, remanent polarization, and dielectric constant are observed. The ferroelectric phase transition temperature increases with increase in CZFO content. All of the compositions undergo second-order ferroelectric phase transitions, which can be explained by Landau-Devonshire theory. The recoverable energy density (∼0.20 to 0.04 J/cm{sup 3}) and charge-curve energy density (∼0.84 to 0.11 J/cm{sup 3}) decrease with increase in the CZFO content. The room-temperature magneto-dielectric measurements provide direct evidence of magneto-electric coupling via strain at room temperature.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Physics and Institute of Functional Nanomaterials, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela 769008 (India)
  4. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22266111
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COUPLING; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ENERGY DENSITY; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; PERMITTIVITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLARIZATION; SATURATION; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION