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Title: Anomalous polarization in the antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase coexistence state in PbZrO{sub 3}-Bi(Mg{sub 1/2}Ti{sub 1/2})O{sub 3}

The ferroelectric system (1−x)PbZrO{sub 3}-(x)Bi(Mg{sub 1/2}Ti{sub 1/2})O{sub 3} has been investigated as a function of composition, temperature, and electric field by x-ray powder diffraction, dielectric, and ferroelectric measurements. Within the solubility limit (x ∼ 0.25), the system evolves from an orthorhombic-antiferroelectric to rhombohedral-ferroelectric state through a phase coexistence region. The highest polarization was found not for the composition exhibiting a pure ferroelectric state, but for a composition x = 0.15 exhibiting ferroelectric + antiferroelectric phase coexistence close to the rhombohedral phase boundary. Electric poling of the equilibrium two-phase state led to irreversible enhancement in the rhombohedral phase fraction suggesting that the enhanced polarization is related to the enhanced polarizability of the lattice due to first order criticality as in ferroelectric-ferroelectric morphotropic phase boundary systems.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560012 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22266110
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CRITICALITY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OZONE; POLARIZABILITY; POLARIZATION; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION