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Title: Degradation of chitosan by gamma ray with presence of hydrogen peroxide

The radiation degraded chitosan samples were prepared by swelling the chitosan powder in water and exposed for gamma irradiation. The ratio chitosan to water was 1:6 with the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}), 1%–5%. These chitosan-water mixtures were irradiated at 6kGy, which is the lowest irradiation dose that facility can offered. All samples were purified and proceed with characterization. The molecular weight (MW) study was monitored by size exclusion chromatography-multi angle laser light scattering (SEC-MALLS). Results showed that MW of chitosan reduced as the dose increased. Application of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} enhanced the degradation rate of chitosan even at very low irradiation dose. Homogenous degradation also occurred during treatment with H{sub 2}O{sub 2}based on the polydispersity index (PDI) derived from the calculation of weight average molecular weight over number average molecular weight (Mw/Mn). Mechanism of chitosan radiation degradation with and without hydrogen peroxide was also discussed in this paper. Structure of degraded products was characterized with Fourier-transform infrared spectra. The degree of deacetylation (DDA) values of the samples was determined by acid-base titration. Solubility test results showed that, chitosan powder even at low Mw was insoluble in water even at low pH water. Chitosan as well as irradiatedmore » chitosan powder are soluble in strong and weak acid solution. Further discussion on behaviours of radiation degraded chitosan will be elaborated more in this paper.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Radiation Technology Division, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)
  2. University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22266062
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1584; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: iNuSTEC2013: International nuclear science, technology and engineering conference 2013, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 30 Sep - 2 Oct 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AMINO ACIDS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GAMMA RADIATION; HYDROGEN PEROXIDE; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRRADIATION; LIGHT SCATTERING; MOLECULAR WEIGHT; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; POWDERS; RADIATION DOSES; TITRATION; WATER