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Title: Fabrication of micro-hollow fiber by electrospinning process in near-critical carbon dioxide

Electrospinning is a simple technique that has gained much attention because of its capability and feasibility in the fabrication of large quantities of fibers from polymer with diameters ranging in nano-microscale. These fibers provided high surface area to volume ratios, and it was of considerable interest for many applications, such as nanoparticle carriers in controlled release, scaffolds in tissue engineering, wound dressings, military wear with chemical and biological toxin-resistance, nanofibrous membranes or filters, and electronic sensors. Recently there has been a great deal of progress in the potential applications of hollow fibers in microfluids, photonics, and energy storage. In this work, electrospinning was conducted under high-pressure carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) to reduce the viscosity of polymer solution. The experiments were conducted at 313 K and ∼8.0 MPa. Polymer solution containing 5 wt% polymers which prepared in dichloromethane (DCM) with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) to poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) ratio 80:20 was used as a feed solution. The applied voltage was 15 kV and the distance of nozzle and collector was 8 cm. The morphology and structure of the fibers produced were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Under pressurized CO{sub 2}, PVP electrospun was produced without bead formation with diameter ranges of 608.50more » - 7943.19 nm. These behaviors hold the potential to considerably improve devolatilization electrospinning processes.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603 (Japan)
  2. Department of Chemical Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan and Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111 (Indonesia)
  3. Department of Advanced Fibro-Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan (Japan)
  4. SCF Techno-Link, Inc., Ashiya 659-0033 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22266032
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1586; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NNS2013: 5. nanoscience and nanotechnology symposium, Surabaya (Indonesia), 23-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CARBON DIOXIDE; DEVOLATILIZATION; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ENERGY STORAGE; FIBERS; LACTIC ACID; MEMBRANES; METHYLENE CHLORIDE; PVP; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SENSORS; SURFACE AREA