skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: High temperature oxidation behavior of austenitic stainless steel AISI 304 in steam of nanofluids contain nanoparticle ZrO2

The objective of this study is to evaluate high temperature oxidation behavior of austenitic stainless steel SS 304 in steam of nanofluids contain nanoparticle ZrO{sub 2}. The oxidation was performed at high temperatures ranging from 600 to 800°C. The oxidation time was 60 minutes. After oxidation the surface of the samples was analyzed by different methods including, optical microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). X-ray diffraction examination show that the oxide scale formed during oxidation of stainless steel AISI 304 alloys is dominated by iron oxide, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Minor element such as Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} is also appeared in the diffraction pattern. Characterization by optical microscope showed that cross section microstructure of stainless steel changed after oxidized with the oxide scale on the surface stainless steels. SEM and x-ray diffraction examination show that the oxide of ZrO{sub 2} appeared on the surface of stainless steel. Kinetic rate of oxidation of austenite stainless steel AISI 304 showed that increasing oxidation temperature and time will increase oxidation rate.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Research Center for Nuclear Materials and Radiometry, Jl. Tamansari 71, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22265962
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1589; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICMNS 2012: 4. international conference on mathematics and natural sciences: Science for health, food and sustainable energy, Bandung (Indonesia), 8-9 Nov 2012; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; AUSTENITE; AUSTENITIC STEELS; CHROMATES; CHROMIUM OXIDES; CROSS SECTIONS; FERRITES; IRON OXIDES; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL MICROSCOPES; OXIDATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STAINLESS STEELS; STEAM; SURFACES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES