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Title: Development of a He{sup 3}−He{sup 4} sub Kelvin active magnetic regenerative refrigerator (AMRR) with no moving parts

Current state of the art particle and photon detectors such as Transition Edge Sensors (TES) and Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKID) use large arrays of sensors or detectors for space science missions. As the size of these space science detectors increases, future astrophysics missions will require sub-Kelvin cooling over larger areas. This leads to not only increased cooling power requirements, but also a requirement for distributed sub-Kelvin cooling. We propose an active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigerator (AMRR) that uses a Superfluid Magnetic Pump (SMP) to circulate liquid He{sup 3}−He{sup 4} through a magnetic regenerator to provide the necessary cooling at sub-Kelvin temperatures. Such system will be capable of distributing the cooling load to a relatively large array of objects. One advantage of using a fluid for heat transfer in such systems is to isolate components such as the superconducting magnets from detectors that are sensitive to magnetic fields. Another advantage of the proposed tandem AMRR is that it does not need Gas Gap Heat Switches (GGHS) to transfer heat during various stages of the magnetic cooling. Our proposed system consists of four superconducting magnets, one superleak, and three heat exchangers. It will operate continuously with no moving parts and it willmore » be capable of providing the necessary cooling at sub-Kelvin temperatures for future space science applications.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Ph.D. student, University of Wisconsin -1500 Engineering Drive, 1335 ERB, Madison, WI, 53706 (United States)
  2. Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin - 1500 Engineering Drive, 1341 ERB Madison, WI 53706 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22263938
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1573; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International cryogenic materials conference, Anchorage, AK (United States), 17-21 Jun 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ADIABATIC DEMAGNETIZATION; COOLING LOAD; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEAT TRANSFER; LIQUIDS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PUMPS; REFRIGERATORS; SENSORS; SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS; SUPERFLUIDITY