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Title: Using a pulsed array to determine the position of a defect

The frequency dependent directivity of periodic permanent magnet electromagnetic acoustic transducers has been demonstrated and utilized to create a new NDT technique. The transducer, when pulsed with an appropriate broadband signal creates an interesting wave-front. This generated wave-front is smooth and continuous over a large solid angle, and has a frequency that varies as a function of angle to the array. Analytic models created to simulate this phenomena have been validated with experimental results using ultrasonic waves in metal samples. This pulsed approach provides a rapid means of flooding a region of space with a wave-front, whereby any wave that scatters or reflects off a body to a detector will have a distinct arrival time and frequency. This was experimentally verified using a periodic permanent magnetic EMAT array to create a two dimensional map of defects in an aluminum bar. Steering of the ultrasonic beam, by driving the array with a narrow-band signal, was also demonstrated and used as a comparison for the pulsed method.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)
  2. Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. CV4 7AL and Department of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22263827
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1581; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 40. annual review of progress in quantitative nondestructive evaluation, Baltimore, MD (United States), 21-26 Jul 2013, 10. international conference on Barkhausen noise and micromagnetic testing, Baltimore, MD (United States), 21-26 Jul 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALUMINIUM; DEFECTS; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; PERIODICITY; PERMANENT MAGNETS; PULSES; SIGNALS; SOLIDS; TRANSDUCERS; ULTRASONIC WAVES