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Title: Superfluid helium cryogenic systems for superconducting RF cavities at KEK

Recent accelerator projects at KEK, such as the Superconducting RF Test Facility (STF) for R and D of the International Linear Collider (ILC) project and the compact Energy Recovery Linac (cERL), employ superconducting RF cavities made of pure niobium, which can generate high gradient acceleration field. Since the operation temperature of these cavities is selected to be 2 K, we have developed two 2 K superfluid helium cryogenic systems for stable operation of superconducting RF cavities for each of STF and cERL. These two 2 K superfluid helium cryogenic systems are identical in principle. Since the operation mode of the cavities is different for STF and cERL, i.e. the pulse mode for STF and the continuous wave mode for cERL, the heat loads from the cavities are quite different. The 2 K superfluid helium cryogenic systems mainly consists of ordinary helium liquefiers/refrigerators, 2 K refrigerator cold boxes, helium gas pumping systems and high-performance transfer lines. The 2 K refrigerators and the high-performance transfer lines are designed by KEK. Some superconducting RF cavity cryomodules have been already connected to the 2 K superfluid helium cryogenic systems for STF and cERL respectively, and cooled down to 2 K successfully.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0033 (Japan)
  2. Hitachi Plant Technologies, Ltd., Toshima-ku, Tokyo 170-8466 (Japan)
  3. Hitachi Plant Mechanics Co., Ltd., Kudamatsu, Yamaguchi 744-0061 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22262734
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1573; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Cryogenic engineering conference, Anchorage, AK (United States), 17-21 Jun 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ACCELERATION; DESIGN; ENERGY RECOVERY; HELIUM; LINEAR COLLIDERS; NIOBIUM; PULSES; PUMPING; REFRIGERATORS; SUPERFLUIDITY; VAPOR CONDENSERS