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Title: The development of a cryogenic over-pressure pump

A cryogenic over-pressure pump (OPP) was tested in the prototype telescope liquid nitrogen (LN2) cooling system for the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Project. This OPP consists of a process cylinder (PC), gas generator, and solenoid operated valves (SOVs). It is a positive displacement pump that provided intermittent liquid nitrogen (LN2) flow to an array of charge couple devices (CCDs) for the prototype Dark Energy Camera (DECam). In theory, a heater submerged in liquid would generate the drive gas in a closed loop cooling system. The drive gas would be injected into the PC to displace that liquid volume. However, due to limitations of the prototype closed loop nitrogen system (CCD cooling system) for DECam, a quasiclosed-loop nitrogen system was created. During the test of the OPP, the CCD array was cooled to its designed set point temperature of 173K. It was maintained at that temperature via electrical heaters. The performance of the OPP was captured in pressure, temperature, and flow rate in the CCD LN2 cooling system at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL)
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, 60510 (United States)
  2. Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, 60616 A (United States)
  3. Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, 60616 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22262721
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1573; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Cryogenic engineering conference, Anchorage, AK (United States), 17-21 Jun 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CAPTURE; CHARGE-COUPLED DEVICES; COOLING SYSTEMS; DESIGN; FERMILAB ACCELERATOR; FLOW RATE; GAS GENERATORS; HEATERS; LIQUIDS; NITROGEN; PUMPS; SOLENOIDS; TELESCOPES