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Title: Basic study for the construction of solar cell using CdS photocatalysts and Na{sub 2}S{sub 4} electrolyte

Photoexcited electrons pathway from thin film consisting of semiconductor particles to electrode was tried to develop by using conducting polymers. PEDOT/PSS and polyaniline was selected as transparent conducting polymer material. In the case of the cell consisted by using polyaniline, it was confirmed that conductive emeraldine salt stated polyaniline converted to non-conductive emeraldine base state because of contact with strong basic Na{sub 2}S{sub 4} electrolyte solution. On the other hand, as regards the cell with PEDOT/PSS, it was expected that positive and negative electrode short-circuited and/or Schottky junction was formed between CdS and PEDOT/PSS. The formation of Schottky junction between CdS and PEDOT/PSS was reduced the kinetic energy of the photoexcited electrons to 5.1eV which was the Fermi level of PEDOT. These electrons could not reduce Na{sub 2}S{sub 4} electrolyte solution since oxidation-reduction potential was 4.1eV. As a result, it considered that photoexcited electrons transfer was restricted, which read the decreasement of mobility of photoexcited electron, while the cell “without” PEDOT/PSS could operate as a solar cell.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22261745
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1568; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International workshop on solar-chemical energy storage (SolChES), Sendai (Japan), 23-28 Jul 2012; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CADMIUM SULFIDES; ELECTROLYTES; ELECTRON TRANSFER; ELECTRONS; FERMI LEVEL; KINETIC ENERGY; OXIDATION; PHOTOCATALYSIS; POLYMERS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SODIUM SULFIDES; SOLAR CELLS; THIN FILMS