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Title: Experimental and numerical investigations on tailored tempering process of a U-channel component with tailored mechanical properties

Hot stamping of quenchenable ultra high strength steels currently represents a promising forming technology for the manufacturing of safety and crash relevant parts. For some applications, such as B-pillars and other structural components that may undergo impact loading, it may be desirable to create regions of the part with tailored mechanical properties. In the paper, a laboratory-scale hot stamped U-channel was manufactured by using a segmented die, which was heated by cartridge heaters and cooled by water channels independently. Local hardness values as low as 289 HV can be achieved using a heated die temperature of 400°C while maintaining a hardness level of 490 HV in the fully cooled region. If the die temperature was increased to 450°C, the Vickers hardness of elements in the heated region was 227 HV, with a reduction in hardness of more than 50%. Optical microscopy was used to verify the microstructure of the as-quenched phases with respect to the heated die temperatures. The FE model of the lab-scale process was developed to capture the overall hardness trends that were observed in the experiments.
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Shandong Jianzhu University, Fengming Rd., Jinan, 250101 (China)
  2. University of Padova, Via Venezia 1, Padova, 35131 (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22261678
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1567; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NUMISHEET 2014: 9. international conference and workshop on numerical simulation of 3D sheet metal forming processes, Melbourne (Australia), 6-10 Jan 2014; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; HARDNESS; MICROSTRUCTURE; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; SAFETY; STEELS; VICKERS HARDNESS