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Title: The role of deposited layers in the nonlinear constitutive behavior of Si nanowires

The experimentally measured elastic moduli and yield strengths of nanowires and nanofilaments vary widely in the literature and are often beyond the theoretical limits of the particular material. In this work, Si nanowires with very low defect densities were loaded in uniaxial tension to establish the origins of their apparently nonlinear constitutive behavior. The diameters of the nanowires ranged from 230 to 460 nm and the growth directions were primarily [112] with the exception of a [111] oriented nanowire. The resulting fracture strengths of the nanowires ranged from 3.88 to 10.1 GPa. The nonlinear constitutive behavior was accompanied by fracture surfaces with features that were not commonly observed in Si. A nonlinear continuum elasticity model and electron microscopy established that reports of unusual deformation behavior and fracture surface morphologies are a direct byproduct of the electron and ion beam deposited adhesives (Pt-based in this work) used to affix specimens in place for testing.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802 (United States)
  2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0245 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22258770
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DEFORMATION; DENSITY; DEPOSITS; ELASTICITY; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; FRACTURES; MORPHOLOGY; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; QUANTUM WIRES; YIELD STRENGTH