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Title: Sputtering of Si, SiC, InAs, InP, Ge, GaAs, GaSb, and GaN by electrosprayed nanodroplets

This article presents a characterization of the damage caused by energetic beams of electrosprayed nanodroplets striking the surfaces of single-crystal semiconductors including Si, SiC, InAs, InP, Ge, GaAs, GaSb, and GaN. The sputtering yield (number of atoms ejected per projectile's molecule), sputtering rate, and surface roughness are measured as functions of the beam acceleration potential. The maximum values of the sputtering yields range between 1.9 and 2.2 for the technological important but difficult to etch SiC and GaN respectively, and 4.5 for Ge. The maximum sputtering rates for the non-optimized beam flux conditions used in our experiments vary between 409 nm/min for SiC and 2381 nm/min for GaSb. The maximum sputtering rate for GaN is 630 nm/min. Surface roughness increases modestly with acceleration voltage, staying within 2 nm and 20 nm for all beamlet acceleration potentials and materials except Si. At intermediate acceleration potentials, the surface of Si is formed by craters orders of magnitude larger than the projectiles, yielding surface roughness in excess of 60 nm. The effect of projectile dose is studied in the case of Si. This parameter is correlated with the formation of the large craters typical of Si, which suggests that the accumulation of damage following consecutive impacts plays an importantmore » role in the interaction between beamlet and target.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22257774
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CRATERS; GALLIUM ANTIMONIDES; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; GALLIUM NITRIDES; INDIUM ARSENIDES; INDIUM PHOSPHIDES; MONOCRYSTALS; ROUGHNESS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SILICON CARBIDES; SPUTTERING; SURFACES