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Title: Topographically induced internal solitary waves in a pycnocline: Ultrasonic probes and stereo-correlation measurements

Internal solitary waves (ISWs) are large amplitude stable waves propagating in regions of high density gradients such as the ocean pycnocline. Their dynamics has often been investigated in two-dimensional approaches, however, their three-dimensional evolution is still poorly known. Experiments have been conducted in the large stratified water tank of CNRM-GAME to study the generation of ISWs in two academic configurations inspired by oceanic regimes. First, ultrasonic probes are used to measure the interfacial displacement in the two configurations. In the primary generation case for which the two layers are of constant density, the generation of ISWs is investigated in two series of experiments with varying amplitude and forcing frequency. In the secondary generation case for which the lower layer is stratified, the generation of ISWs from the impact of an internal wave beam on the pycnocline and their subsequent dynamics is studied. The dynamics of ISWs in these two regimes accords well with analytical approaches and numerical simulations performed in analogous configurations. Then, recent developments of a stereo correlation technique are used to describe the three-dimensional structure of propagating ISWs. In the primary generation configuration, small transverse effects are observed in the course of the ISW propagation. In the secondarymore » generation configuration, larger transverse structures are observed in the interfacial waves dynamics. The interaction between interfacial troughs and internal waves propagating in the lower stratified layer are a possible cause for the generation of these structures. The magnitude of these transverse structures is quantified with a nondimensional parameter in the two configurations. They are twice as large in the secondary generation case as in the primary generation case.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [5]
  1. Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200 (Australia)
  2. (France)
  3. CNRM-GAME, UMR3589 METEO-FRANCE and CNRS, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse Cedex 01 (France)
  4. Laboratoire d’Aérologie, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France)
  5. Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, UMR5503 INPT, UPS, CNRS, 4, Allée Emile Monso, F-31030 Toulouse (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22257000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Fluids (1994); Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 58 GEOSCIENCES; AMPLITUDES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CONFIGURATION; CORRELATIONS; INTERNAL WAVES; SEAS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; ULTRASONIC TESTING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY