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Title: Oscillations in two-dimensional photon-echo signals of excitonic and vibronic systems: Stick-spectrum analysis and its computational verification

Stick-spectrum expressions for electronic two-dimensional (2D) photon-echo (PE) signal of a generic multi-level system are presented and employed to interrelate oscillations in individual peaks of 2D PE signal and the underlying properties (eigenstates and coherent dynamics) of excitonic or vibronic systems. When focusing on the identification of the origin of oscillations in the rephasing part of 2D PE it is found, in particular, that multiple frequencies in the evolution of the individual peaks do not necessarily directly reflect the underlying system dynamics. They may originate from the excited-state absorption contribution to the signal, or arise due to multi-level vibrational structure of the electronic ground state, and represent a superposition of system frequencies, while the latter may evolve independently. The analytical stick-spectrum predictions are verified and illustrated by numerical calculations of 2D PE signals of an excitonic trimer and of a displaced harmonic oscillator with unequal vibrational frequencies in the two electronic states. The excitonic trimer is the smallest excitonic oligomer where excited-state absorption may represent a superposition of excited-state coherences and significantly influence the phase of the observed oscillations. The displaced oscillator is used to distinguish between the frequencies of the ground-state and of the excited-state manifolds, and to demonstratemore » how the location of a cross peak in 2D pattern of the PE signal “predetermines” its oscillatory behavior. Although the considered models are kept as simple as possible for clarity, the stick-spectrum analysis provides a solid general basis for interpretation of oscillatory signatures in electronic 2D PE signals of much more complex systems with multi-level character of the electronic states.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstr. 40, D-24098 Kiel (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22255261
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION; EIGENSTATES; EXCITED STATES; GROUND STATES; HARMONIC OSCILLATORS; OSCILLATIONS; OSCILLATORS; PEAKS; PHOTONS; SIGNALS; SOLIDS; SPECTRA