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Title: Epitaxial growth of CeO{sub 2}(111) film on Ru(0001): Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) study

We formed an epitaxial film of CeO{sub 2}(111) by sublimating Ce atoms on Ru(0001) surface kept at elevated temperature in an oxygen ambient. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurement revealed a decrease of Ce{sup 4+}/Ce{sup 3+} ratio in a small temperature window of the growth temperature between 1070 and 1096 K, which corresponds to the reduction of the CeO{sub 2}(111). Scanning tunneling microscope image showed that a film with a wide terrace and a sharp step edge was obtained when the film was grown at the temperatures close to the reduction temperature, and the terrace width observed on the sample grown at 1060 K was more than twice of that grown at 1040 K. On the surface grown above the reduction temperature, the surface with a wide terrace and a sharp step was confirmed, but small dots were also seen in the terrace part, which are considerably Ce atoms adsorbed at the oxygen vacancies on the reduced surface. This experiment demonstrated that it is required to use the substrate temperature close to the reduction temperature to obtain CeO{sub 2}(111) with wide terrace width and sharp step edges.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials (IMRAM, Tagen), Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-Ku, Sendai 980-0877 (Japan)
  2. Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., 41-1 Yokomichi, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan)
  3. (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22255192
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CERIUM IONS; CERIUM OXIDES; EPITAXY; FILMS; OXYGEN; PHOTOEMISSION; SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; X RADIATION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY