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Title: The structure of PX{sub 3} (X = Cl, Br, I) molecular liquids from X-ray diffraction, molecular dynamics simulations, and reverse Monte Carlo modeling

Synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements have been conducted on liquid phosphorus trichloride, tribromide, and triiodide. Molecular Dynamics simulations for these molecular liquids were performed with a dual purpose: (1) to establish whether existing intermolecular potential functions can provide a picture that is consistent with diffraction data and (2) to generate reliable starting configurations for subsequent Reverse Monte Carlo modelling. Structural models (i.e., sets of coordinates of thousands of atoms) that were fully consistent with experimental diffraction information, within errors, have been prepared by means of the Reverse Monte Carlo method. Comparison with reference systems, generated by hard sphere-like Monte Carlo simulations, was also carried out to demonstrate the extent to which simple space filling effects determine the structure of the liquids (and thus, also estimating the information content of measured data). Total scattering structure factors, partial radial distribution functions and orientational correlations as a function of distances between the molecular centres have been calculated from the models. In general, more or less antiparallel arrangements of the primary molecular axes that are found to be the most favourable orientation of two neighbouring molecules. In liquid PBr{sub 3} electrostatic interactions seem to play a more important role in determining intermolecular correlations than inmore » the other two liquids; molecular arrangements in both PCl{sub 3} and PI{sub 3} are largely driven by steric effects.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Konkoly-Thege M. út 29-33, 1121 Budapest (Hungary)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22255161
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; LIQUIDS; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; MONTE CARLO METHOD; PHOSPHORUS; STRUCTURAL MODELS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION