skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: A full-dimensional quantum dynamical study of H{sub 2}+H{sub 2} collisions: Coupled-states versus close-coupling formulation

Collision-induced energy transfer involving H{sub 2} molecules plays an important role in many areas of physics. Kinetic models often require a complete set of state-to-state rate coefficients for H{sub 2}+H{sub 2} collisions in order to interpret results from spectroscopic observations or to make quantitative predictions. Recent progress in full-dimensional quantum dynamics using the numerically exact close-coupling (CC) formulation has provided good agreement with existing experimental data for low-lying states of H{sub 2} and increased the number of state-to-state cross sections that may be reliably determined over a broad range of energies. Nevertheless, there exist many possible initial states (e.g., states with high rotational excitation) that still remain elusive from a computational standpoint even at relatively low collision energies. In these cases, the coupled-states (CS) approximation offers an alternative full-dimensional formulation. We assess the accuracy of the CS approximation for H{sub 2}+H{sub 2} collisions by comparison with benchmark results obtained using the CC formulation. The results are used to provide insight into the orientation effects of the various internal energy transfer mechanisms. A statistical CS approximation is also investigated and cross sections are reported for transitions which would otherwise be impractical to compute.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, Berks Campus, Reading, Pennsylvania 19610-6009 (United States)
  2. Department of Chemistry, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Center for Simulational Physics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22255135
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACCURACY; APPROXIMATIONS; COLLISIONS; COUPLING; CROSS SECTIONS; ENERGY TRANSFER; EXCITATION; HYDROGEN