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Title: Initial decomposition mechanism for the energy release from electronically excited energetic materials: FOX-7 (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethene, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}N{sub 4}O{sub 4})

Decomposition of the energetic material FOX-7 (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}N{sub 4}O{sub 4}) is investigated both theoretically and experimentally. The NO molecule is observed as an initial decomposition product subsequent to electronic excitation. The observed NO product is rotationally cold (<35 K) and vibrationally hot (2800 K). The initial decomposition mechanism is explored at the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) level. Potential energy surface calculations at the CASSCF(12,8)/6-31G(d) level illustrate that conical intersections play an essential role in the decomposition mechanism. Electronically excited S{sub 2} FOX-7 can radiationlessly relax to lower electronic states through (S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}){sub CI} and (S{sub 1}/S{sub 0}){sub CI} conical intersections and undergo a nitro-nitrite isomerization to generate NO product on the S{sub 0} state. The theoretically predicted mechanism is consistent with the experimental results. As FOX-7 decomposes on the ground electronic state, thus, the vibrational energy of the NO product from FOX-7 is high. The observed rotational energy distribution for NO is consistent with the final transition state structure on the S{sub 0} state. Ground state FOX-7 decomposition agrees with previous work: the nitro-nitrite isomerization has the lowest average energy barrier, the C–NH{sub 2} bond cleavage is unlikely under the given excitation conditions, and HONOmore » formation on the ground state surface is energy accessible but not the main process.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1872 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22255099
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; CLEAVAGE; DECOMPOSITION; ENERGY SPECTRA; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; ISOMERIZATION; NITRIC OXIDE; NITRITES; POTENTIAL ENERGY; SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD