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Title: Liquid structure and temperature invariance of sound velocity in supercooled Bi melt

Structural rearrangement of liquid Bi in the vicinity of the melting point has been proposed due to the unique temperature invariant sound velocity observed above the melting temperature, the low symmetry of Bi in the solid phase and the necessity of overheating to achieve supercooling. The existence of this structural rearrangement is examined by measurements on supercooled Bi. The sound velocity of liquid Bi was measured into the supercooled region to high accuracy and it was found to be invariant over a temperature range of ∼60°, from 35° above the melting point to ∼25° into the supercooled region. The structural origin of this phenomenon was explored by neutron diffraction structural measurements in the supercooled temperature range. These measurements indicate a continuous modification of the short range order in the melt. The structure of the liquid is analyzed within a quasi-crystalline model and is found to evolve continuously, similar to other known liquid pnictide systems. The results are discussed in the context of two competing hypotheses proposed to explain properties of liquid Bi near the melting: (i) liquid bismuth undergoes a structural rearrangement slightly above melting and (ii) liquid Bi exhibits a broad maximum in the sound velocity located incidentally atmore » the melting temperature.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Materials Engineering Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 84105 Beer-Sheva (Israel)
  2. Physics Department, Nuclear Research Centre-Negev, 84190 Beer-Sheva (Israel)
  3. Laboratoire Léon Brillouin CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22255031
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACCURACY; BISMUTH; HYPOTHESIS; LIQUIDS; MELTING; MELTING POINTS; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; SOLIDS; SUPERCOOLING; TEMPERATURE RANGE; VELOCITY