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Title: Calibration of a thin metal foil for infrared imaging video bolometer to estimate the spatial variation of thermal diffusivity using a photo-thermal technique

A thin metal foil is used as a broad band radiation absorber for the InfraRed imaging Video Bolometer (IRVB), which is a vital diagnostic for studying three-dimensional radiation structures from high temperature plasmas in the Large Helical Device. The two-dimensional (2D) heat diffusion equation of the foil needs to be solved numerically to estimate the radiation falling on the foil through a pinhole geometry. The thermal, physical, and optical properties of the metal foil are among the inputs to the code besides the spatiotemporal variation of temperature, for reliable estimation of the exhaust power from the plasma illuminating the foil. The foil being very thin and of considerable size, non-uniformities in these properties need to be determined by suitable calibration procedures. The graphite spray used for increasing the surface emissivity also contributes to a change in the thermal properties. This paper discusses the application of the thermographic technique for determining the spatial variation of the effective in-plane thermal diffusivity of the thin metal foil and graphite composite. The paper also discusses the advantages of this technique in the light of limitations and drawbacks presented by other calibration techniques being practiced currently. The technique is initially applied to a material ofmore » known thickness and thermal properties for validation and finally to thin foils of gold and platinum both with two different thicknesses. It is observed that the effect of the graphite layer on the estimation of the thermal diffusivity becomes more pronounced for thinner foils and the measured values are approximately 2.5–3 times lower than the literature values. It is also observed that the percentage reduction in thermal diffusivity due to the coating is lower for high thermal diffusivity materials such as gold. This fact may also explain, albeit partially, the higher sensitivity of the platinum foil as compared to gold.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. The Graduate University of Advanced Studies, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
  2. National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
  3. Fusion Centre, 1, Akademika Kurchatova pl., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation)
  4. Kurchatov Institute, 1, Akademika Kurchatova pl., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation)
  5. Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita-13, Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22254886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BOLOMETERS; CALIBRATION; DIFFUSION EQUATIONS; EMISSIVITY; FOILS; GOLD; GRAPHITE; HOT PLASMA; LHD DEVICE; MATERIALS; PLATINUM; SENSITIVITY; THERMAL DIFFUSIVITY; THICKNESS