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Title: The zero-multipole summation method for estimating electrostatic interactions in molecular dynamics: Analysis of the accuracy and application to liquid systems

In the preceding paper [I. Fukuda, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174107 (2013)], the zero-multipole (ZM) summation method was proposed for efficiently evaluating the electrostatic Coulombic interactions of a classical point charge system. The summation takes a simple pairwise form, but prevents the electrically non-neutral multipole states that may artificially be generated by a simple cutoff truncation, which often causes large energetic noises and significant artifacts. The purpose of this paper is to judge the ability of the ZM method by investigating the accuracy, parameter dependencies, and stability in applications to liquid systems. To conduct this, first, the energy-functional error was divided into three terms and each term was analyzed by a theoretical error-bound estimation. This estimation gave us a clear basis of the discussions on the numerical investigations. It also gave a new viewpoint between the excess energy error and the damping effect by the damping parameter. Second, with the aid of these analyses, the ZM method was evaluated based on molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of two fundamental liquid systems, a molten sodium-chlorine ion system and a pure water molecule system. In the ion system, the energy accuracy, compared with the Ewald summation, was better for a larger value ofmore » multipole moment l currently induced until l ≲ 3 on average. This accuracy improvement with increasing l is due to the enhancement of the excess-energy accuracy. However, this improvement is wholly effective in the total accuracy if the theoretical moment l is smaller than or equal to a system intrinsic moment L. The simulation results thus indicate L ∼ 3 in this system, and we observed less accuracy in l = 4. We demonstrated the origins of parameter dependencies appearing in the crossing behavior and the oscillations of the energy error curves. With raising the moment l we observed, smaller values of the damping parameter provided more accurate results and smoother behaviors with respect to cutoff length were obtained. These features can be explained, on the basis of the theoretical error analyses, such that the excess energy accuracy is improved with increasing l and that the total accuracy improvement within l ⩽ L is facilitated by a small damping parameter. Although the accuracy was fundamentally similar to the ion system, the bulk water system exhibited distinguishable quantitative behaviors. A smaller damping parameter was effective in all the practical cutoff distance, and this fact can be interpreted by the reduction of the excess subset. A lower moment was advantageous in the energy accuracy, where l = 1 was slightly superior to l = 2 in this system. However, the method with l = 2 (viz., the zero-quadrupole sum) gave accurate results for the radial distribution function. We confirmed the stability in the numerical integration for MD simulations employing the ZM scheme. This result is supported by the sufficient smoothness of the energy function. Along with the smoothness, the pairwise feature and the allowance of the atom-based cutoff mode on the energy formula lead to the exact zero total-force, ensuring the total-momentum conservations for typical MD equations of motion.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)
  2. (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States