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Title: Development of a new superconducting electron cyclotron resonance ion source for operations up to 18 GHz at LBNL

A new superconducting Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Source (ECRIS) is under development at LBNL to harness the winding techniques of a closed-loop sextupole coil for the next generation ECRIS and to enhance the capability of the 88-in. cyclotron facility. The proposed ECRIS will use a superconducting closed-loop sextupole coil to produce the radial field and a substantial portion of the axial field. The field strengths of the injection, central and extraction regions are adjusted by a three solenoids outside the closed-loop sextupole coil. In addition to maintaining the typical ECRIS magnetic field configuration, this new source will also be able to produce a dustpan-like minimum-B field to explore possible ECRIS performance enhancement. The dustpan-like minimum-B field configuration has about the same strengths for the maximum axial field at the injection region and the maximum radial pole fields at the plasma chamber walls but it can be substantially lower at the extraction region. The dustpan-like minimum-B will have a field maximum B{sub max} ≥ 2.6 T for operations up to 18 GHz with a ratio of B{sub max}/B{sub res} ≥ 4 and higher ratios for lower frequencies. The field maxima of this new source can reach over 3 T both atmore » the injection and the plasma chamber walls which could also support operation at 28 GHz. The source will be built of cryogen-free with the magnets directly cooled by cryo-coolers to simplify the cryostat structure. The source design features will be presented and discussed.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. Accelerator Fusion Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22254101
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: ICIS 2011: 14. international conference on ion sources, Giardini-Naxos, Sicily (Italy), 12-16 Sep 2011; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; CRYOSTATS; CYCLOTRONS; ECR ION SOURCES; EXTRACTION; GHZ RANGE 01-100; HEAT EXCHANGERS; MAGNETIC FIELD CONFIGURATIONS; PLASMA; SOLENOIDS