skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Improving efficiency of negative ion production in ion source with saddle antenna

Extraction of negative ions from a saddle antenna radio-frequency surface plasma source is considered. Several versions of new plasma generators with different antennas and magnetic field configurations were tested in the smal Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source Test Stand. The efficiency of positive ion generation in plasma has been improved to 200 mA/cm{sup 2} kW from 2.5 mA/cm{sup 2} kW. A small oven was developed for cesiation by cesium compounds and alloy decomposition. After cesiation, a current of negative ions to the collector was increased from 1 mA to 10 mA with 1.5 kW RF power in the plasma and longitudinal magnetic field B{sub l} ∼ 250 G. The specific efficiency of H{sup −} production was increased to 20 mA/cm{sup 2} kW from 2.5 mA/cm{sup 2} kW.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ; ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Muons, Inc., Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)
  2. ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
  3. Physics Department, Wisconsin University of Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)
  4. Engineering Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253975
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: ICIS 2011: 14. international conference on ion sources, Giardini-Naxos, Sicily (Italy), 12-16 Sep 2011; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ALLOYS; ANIONS; ANTENNAS; CATIONS; CESIUM COMPOUNDS; EXTRACTION; MAGNETIC FIELD CONFIGURATIONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NEUTRON SOURCES; ORNL; OVENS; PLASMA; PLASMA PRODUCTION; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SPALLATION