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Title: Assessing electronic structure approaches for gas-ligand interactions in metal-organic frameworks: The CO{sub 2}-benzene complex

Adsorption of gas molecules in metal-organic frameworks is governed by many factors, the most dominant of which are the interaction of the gas with open metal sites, and the interaction of the gas with the ligands. Herein, we examine the latter class of interaction in the context of CO{sub 2} binding to benzene. We begin by clarifying the geometry of the CO{sub 2}–benzene complex. We then generate a benchmark binding curve using a coupled-cluster approach with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)] at the complete basis set (CBS) limit. Against this ΔCCSD(T)/CBS standard, we evaluate a plethora of electronic structure approximations: Hartree-Fock, second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) with the resolution-of-the-identity approximation, attenuated MP2, and a number of density functionals with and without different empirical and nonempirical van der Waals corrections. We find that finite-basis MP2 significantly overbinds the complex. On the other hand, even the simplest empirical correction to standard density functionals is sufficient to bring the binding energies to well within 1 kJ/mol of the benchmark, corresponding to an error of less than 10%; PBE-D in particular performs well. Methods that explicitly include nonlocal correlation kernels, such as VV10, vdW-DF2, and ωB97X-V, perform with similar accuracy for thismore » system, as do ωB97X and M06-L.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253443
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACCURACY; ADSORPTION; BENZENE; CARBON DIOXIDE; COMPLEXES; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EXCITATION; HARTREE-FOCK METHOD; INTERACTIONS; LIGANDS; ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; PERTURBATION THEORY; VAN DER WAALS FORCES