skip to main content

Title: Essential ingredients in core-collapse supernovae

Carrying 10{sup 44} joules of kinetic energy and a rich mix of newly synthesized atomic nuclei, core-collapse supernovae are the preeminent foundries of the nuclear species which make up our solar system and ourselves. Signaling the inevitable death of a massive star, and the birth of a neutron star or black hole, core-collapse supernovae combine physics over a wide range in spatial scales, from kilometer-sized hydrodynamic motions (eventually growing to gigameter scale) down to femtometer-scale nuclear reactions. We will discuss our emerging understanding of the convectively-unstable, neutrino-driven explosion mechanism, based on increasingly realistic neutrino radiation hydrodynamic simulations that include progressively better nuclear and particle physics. Multi-dimensional models with spectral neutrino transport from several research groups, which slowly develop successful explosions for a range of progenitors, have recently motivated changes in our understanding of the neutrino reheating mechanism. In a similar fashion, improvements in nuclear physics, most notably explorations of weak interactions on nuclei and the nuclear equation of state, continue to refine our understanding of the births of neutron stars and the supernovae that result. Recent progress on both the macroscopic and microscopic effects that affect core-collapse supernovae are discussed.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6354 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-1200 (United States)
  4. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6008 (United States)
  5. Reactor and Nuclear Systems Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN 37831-6003 (United States)
  6. Department of Physics, Florida Atlantic University, 777 W Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431-0991 (United States)
  7. Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253377
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; EQUATIONS OF STATE; KINETIC ENERGY; NEUTRINOS; NEUTRON STARS; NUCLEAR PHYSICS; SIMULATION; SUPERNOVAE