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Title: Plasma density accumulation on a conical surface for diffusion along a diverging magnetic field

Two-dimensional (2-D) density and potential measurements have been carried out for plasma diffusing through an aperture in a diverging magnetic field. The radial density profile near the source is peaked on the axis but gradually evolves into a hollow profile away from the source. We observe a slow increase of the peak density along a hollow conical surface and correlate with the 2-D potential measurement reported earlier. It is also shown that the formation of 2-D structures with similar features are observed whenever plasma is allowed to diffuse through a physical aperture in such diverging magnetic field configuration, with or without the presence of electric double layer, i.e., the phenomenon is generic in nature.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Plasma Physics Division, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253299
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; APERTURES; DIFFUSION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PLASMA DENSITY; SURFACES