skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: The thermodynamic properties of hydrated γ-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles

In this paper we report a combined calorimetric and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) study of hydrated γ-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (γ-alumina) nanoparticles. These complementary techniques have enabled a comprehensive evaluation of the thermodynamic properties of this technological and industrially important metal oxide to be achieved. The isobaric heat capacity (C{sub p}) data presented herein provide further critical insights into the much-debated chemical composition of γ-alumina nanoparticles. Furthermore, the isochoric heat capacity (C{sub v}) of the surface water, which is so essential to the stability of all metal-oxides at the nanoscale, has been extracted from the high-resolution INS data and differs significantly from that of ice‑Ih due to the dominating influence of strong surface-water interactions. This study also encompassed the analysis of four γ-alumina samples with differing pore diameters [4.5 (1), 13.8 (2), 17.9 (3), and 27.2 nm (4)], and the results obtained allow us to unambiguously conclude that the water content and pore size have no influence on the thermodynamic behaviour of hydrated γ-alumina nanoparticles.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Geosciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)
  2. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602 (United States)
  3. ISIS Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)
  4. Chemical and Engineering Materials Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253239
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CALORIMETRY; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; EVALUATION; INELASTIC SCATTERING; INTERACTIONS; NANOSTRUCTURES; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; NEUTRON REACTIONS; PARTICLES; SPECIFIC HEAT; WATER