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Title: Skin explosion of double-layer conductors in fast-rising high magnetic fields

An experiment has been performed to study the electrical explosion of thick cylindrical conductors using the MIG pulsed power generator capable of producing a peak current of 2.5 MA within 100 ns rise time. The experimental goal was to compare the skin explosion of a solid conductor with that of a double-layer conductor whose outer layer had a lower conductivity than the inner one. It has been shown that in magnetic fields of peak induction up to 300 T and average induction rise rate 3 × 10{sup 9} T/s, the double-layer structure of a conductor makes it possible to achieve higher magnetic induction at the conductor surface before it explodes. This can be accounted for, in particular, by the reduction of the ratio of the Joule heat density to the energy density of the magnetic field at the surface of a double-layer conductor due to redistribution of the current density over the conductor cross section.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of High Current Electronics, SB, RAS, 2/3 Akademichesky Ave., Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation)
  2. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253090
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CURRENT DENSITY; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PEAKS; PULSE RISE TIME; SURFACES