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Title: Energetic-particle-driven instabilities and induced fast-ion transport in a reversed field pinch

Multiple bursty energetic-particle (EP) driven modes with fishbone-like structure are observed during 1 MW tangential neutral-beam injection in a reversed field pinch (RFP) device. The distinguishing features of the RFP, including large magnetic shear (tending to add stability) and weak toroidal magnetic field (leading to stronger drive), provide a complementary environment to tokamak and stellarator configurations for exploring basic understanding of EP instabilities. Detailed measurements of the EP mode characteristics and temporal-spatial dynamics reveal their influence on fast ion transport. Density fluctuations exhibit a dynamically evolving, inboard-outboard asymmetric spatial structure that peaks in the core where fast ions reside. The measured mode frequencies are close to the computed shear Alfvén frequency, a feature consistent with continuum modes destabilized by strong drive. The frequency pattern of the dominant mode depends on the fast-ion species. Multiple frequencies occur with deuterium fast ions compared to single frequency for hydrogen fast ions. Furthermore, as the safety factor (q) decreases, the toroidal mode number of the dominant EP mode transits from n=5 to n=6 while retaining the same poloidal mode number m=1. The transition occurs when the m=1, n=5 wave-particle resonance condition cannot be satisfied as the fast-ion safety factor (q{sub fi}) decreases. The fast-ion temporalmore » dynamics, measured by a neutral particle analyzer, resemble a classical predator-prey relaxation oscillation. It contains a slow-growth phase arising from the beam fueling followed by a rapid drop when the EP modes peak, indicating that the fluctuation-induced transport maintains a stiff fast-ion density profile. The inferred transport rate is strongly enhanced with the onset of multiple EP modes.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253035
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BEAM INJECTION; DEUTERIUM; FLUCTUATIONS; HYDROGEN; ION DENSITY; IONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NEUTRAL PARTICLE ANALYZERS; PEAKS; REVERSED-FIELD PINCH DEVICES; REVERSE-FIELD PINCH; SAFETY; SHEAR; TOKAMAK DEVICES