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Title: Modified helix-like instability structure on imploding z-pinch liners that are pre-imposed with a uniform axial magnetic field

Recent experiments at the Sandia National Laboratories Z Facility have, for the first time, studied the implosion dynamics of magnetized liner inertial fusion (MagLIF) style liners that were pre-imposed with a uniform axial magnetic field. As reported [T. J. Awe et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 235005 (2013)] when premagnetized with a 7 or 10‚ÄČT axial field, these liners developed 3D-helix-like hydrodynamic instabilities; such instabilities starkly contrast with the azimuthally correlated magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor (MRT) instabilities that have been consistently observed in many earlier non-premagnetized experiments. The helical structure persisted throughout the implosion, even though the azimuthal drive field greatly exceeded the expected axial field at the liner's outer wall for all but the earliest stages of the experiment. Whether this modified instability structure has practical importance for magneto-inertial fusion concepts depends primarily on whether the modified instability structure is more stable than standard azimuthally correlated MRT instabilities. In this manuscript, we discuss the evolution of the helix-like instability observed on premagnetized liners. While a first principles explanation of this observation remains elusive, recent 3D simulations suggest that if a small amplitude helical perturbation can be seeded on the liner's outer surface, no further influence from the axial field is required formore » the instability to grow.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] more »; « less
  1. Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22253000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ICF DEVICES; IMPLOSIONS; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; INERTIAL FUSION DRIVERS; LINERS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PERTURBATION THEORY; PLASMA INSTABILITY; SIMULATION