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Title: Photoelectron spectroscopy of aqueous solutions: Streaming potentials of NaX (X = Cl, Br, and I) solutions and electron binding energies of liquid water and X{sup −}

The streaming potentials of liquid beams of aqueous NaCl, NaBr, and NaI solutions are measured using soft X-ray, He(I), and laser multiphoton ionization photoelectron spectroscopy. Gaseous molecules are ionized in the vicinity of liquid beams and the photoelectron energy shifts are measured as a function of the distance between the ionization point and the liquid beam. The streaming potentials change their polarity with concentration of electrolytes, from which the singular points of concentration eliminating the streaming potentials are determined. The streaming currents measured in air also vanish at these concentrations. The electron binding energies of liquid water and I{sup −}, Br{sup −}, and Cl{sup −} anions are revisited and determined more accurately than in previous studies.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwakecho, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)
  2. (Japan)
  3. (China)
  4. Molecular Reaction Dynamics Research Team, RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako 351-0198 (Japan)
  5. 5RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252928
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; BINDING ENERGY; ELECTROLYTES; ELECTRONS; LIQUIDS; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; PHOTOIONIZATION; SODIUM BROMIDES; SODIUM CHLORIDES; SODIUM IODIDES; SOFT X RADIATION; WATER