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Title: Electromagnetic gyrokinetic turbulence in finite-beta helical plasmas

A saturation mechanism for microturbulence in a regime of weak zonal flow generation is investigated by means of electromagnetic gyrokinetic simulations. The study identifies a new saturation process of the kinetic ballooning mode (KBM) turbulence originating from the spatial structure of the KBM instabilities in a finite-beta Large Helical Device (LHD) plasma. Specifically, the most unstable KBM in LHD has an inclined mode structure with respect to the mid-plane of a torus, i.e., it has a finite radial wave-number in flux tube coordinates, in contrast to KBMs in tokamaks as well as ion-temperature gradient modes in tokamaks and helical systems. The simulations reveal that the growth of KBMs in LHD is saturated by nonlinear interactions of oppositely inclined convection cells through mutual shearing as well as by the zonal flow. The saturation mechanism is quantitatively investigated by analysis of the nonlinear entropy transfer that shows not only the mutual shearing but also a self-interaction with an elongated mode structure along the magnetic field line.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
  2. Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Rokkasho, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252831
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BALLOONING INSTABILITY; INTERACTIONS; LHD DEVICE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PLASMA; SATURATION; SIMULATION; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; TOKAMAK DEVICES; TURBULENCE