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Title: Detection of lower hybrid waves in the scrape-off layer of tokamak plasmas with microwave backscattering

Microwave backscattering experiments have been performed on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak in order to investigate the propagation of lower hybrid (LH) waves in reactor-relevant, high-density plasmas. When the line-averaged density is raised above 1 × 10{sup 20} m{sup –3}, lower hybrid current drive efficiency is found to be lower than expected [Wallace et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 062505 (2012)] and LH power is thought to be dissipated at the plasma edge. Using a single channel (60 GHz) ordinary-mode (O-mode) reflectometer system, we demonstrate radially localized LH wave measurements in the scrape-off layer of high density plasmas (n{sup ¯}{sub e} ≳ 0.9×10{sup 20} m{sup −3}). Measured backscattered O-mode power varies depending on the magnetic field line mapping, suggesting the resonance cone propagation of LH waves. Backscattered power is also sensitive to variations in plasma density and the launched parallel refractive index of the LH waves. LH ray-tracing simulations have been carried out to interpret the observed variations. To understand the measured LH waves in regions not magnetically connected to the launcher, two hypotheses are examined. One is the weak single pass absorption and the other is scattering of LH waves by non-linear effects.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252172
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ALCATOR DEVICE; BACKSCATTERING; LOWER HYBRID CURRENT DRIVE; LOWER HYBRID HEATING; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA SCRAPE-OFF LAYER; REFRACTIVE INDEX; SIMULATION