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Title: Photometric study of single-shot energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction at a laser plasma facility

The low repetition rates and possible shot-to-shot variations in laser-plasma studies place a high value on single-shot diagnostics. For example, white-beam scattering methods based on broadband backlighter x-ray sources are used to determine changes in the structure of laser-shocked crystalline materials by the evolution of coincidences of reciprocal lattice vectors and kinematically allowed momentum transfers. Here, we demonstrate that white-beam techniques can be extended to strongly disordered dense plasma and warm dense matter systems where reciprocal space is only weakly structured and spectroscopic detection is consequently needed to determine the static structure factor and thus, the ion-ion radial distribution function. Specifically, we report a photometric study of energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction (ED-XRD) for structural measurement of high energy density systems at large-scale laser facilities such as OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility. We find that structural information can be obtained in single-shot ED-XRD experiments using established backlighter and spectrometer technologies.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Physics Department, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252135
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ENERGY DENSITY; IONS; LASERS; MOMENTUM TRANSFER; PLASMA; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; SPECTROMETERS; STRUCTURE FACTORS; US NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SOURCES