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Title: Optimized beryllium target design for indirectly driven inertial confinement fusion experiments on the National Ignition Facility

For indirect drive inertial confinement fusion, Beryllium (Be) ablators offer a number of important advantages as compared with other ablator materials, e.g., plastic and high density carbon. In particular, the low opacity and relatively high density of Be lead to higher rocket efficiencies giving a higher fuel implosion velocity for a given X-ray drive; and to higher ablation velocities providing more ablative stabilization and reducing the effect of hydrodynamic instabilities on the implosion performance. Be ablator advantages provide a larger target design optimization space and can significantly improve the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [J. D. Lindl et al., Phys. Plasmas 11, 339 (2004)] ignition margin. Herein, we summarize the Be advantages, briefly review NIF Be target history, and present a modern, optimized, low adiabat, Revision 6 NIF Be target design. This design takes advantage of knowledge gained from recent NIF experiments, including more realistic levels of laser-plasma energy backscatter, degraded hohlraum-capsule coupling, and the presence of cross-beam energy transfer.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252092
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ABLATION; BERYLLIUM; CARBON; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; IMPLOSIONS; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; PLASMA; THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR MATERIALS; US NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY; X RADIATION