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Title: Purification of the output modes of overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillators

Successful suppression of mode competition in the beam-wave interaction process of overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillators (RBWOs) cannot ensure the output modes purity. Optimizing the magnitude and the phase of the mode conversion coefficients in the devices is significant for purifying the output modes. A universal method of purifying the TM{sub 01} and TM{sub 02} mixed modes output by overmoded RBWOs without decreasing the total output power is presented in this paper. With this method, we purify the TM{sub 01} and TM{sub 02} mixed modes generated in an X-band overmoded RBWO (D/λ ≈ 2.6) operated at the constant diode voltage of 730 kV. Dependence of modes purification effect on the variation of diode voltage is also analyzed in particle-in-cell simulation. Our analysis indicates that when the diode voltage is in the range of (730 ± 60) kV, the percentage of output power carried by TM{sub 01} mode will be higher than 95%.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. College of Optoelectric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22252035
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; INTERACTIONS; MODE CONVERSION; OSCILLATORS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SIMULATION