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Title: Spectral asymmetry of the massless Dirac operator on a 3-torus

Consider the massless Dirac operator on a 3-torus equipped with Euclidean metric and standard spin structure. It is known that the eigenvalues can be calculated explicitly: the spectrum is symmetric about zero and zero itself is a double eigenvalue. The aim of the paper is to develop a perturbation theory for the eigenvalue with smallest modulus with respect to perturbations of the metric. Here the application of perturbation techniques is hindered by the fact that eigenvalues of the massless Dirac operator have even multiplicity, which is a consequence of this operator commuting with the antilinear operator of charge conjugation (a peculiar feature of dimension 3). We derive an asymptotic formula for the eigenvalue with smallest modulus for arbitrary perturbations of the metric and present two particular families of Riemannian metrics for which the eigenvalue with smallest modulus can be evaluated explicitly. We also establish a relation between our asymptotic formula and the eta invariant.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Mathematics, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)
  2. Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 220, Reading RG6 6AX (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22251930
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ASYMMETRY; DIRAC OPERATORS; DISTURBANCES; EIGENVALUES; EUCLIDEAN SPACE; MULTIPLICITY; PERTURBATION THEORY; SPIN; SYMMETRY