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Title: Using X-ray free-electron lasers for probing of complex interaction dynamics of ultra-intense lasers with solid matter

We demonstrate the potential of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFEL) to advance the understanding of complex plasma dynamics by allowing for the first time nanometer and femtosecond resolution at the same time in plasma diagnostics. Plasma phenomena on such short timescales are of high relevance for many fields of physics, in particular in the ultra-intense ultra-short laser interaction with matter. Highly relevant yet only partially understood phenomena become directly accessible in experiment. These include relativistic laser absorption at solid targets, creation of energetic electrons and electron transport in warm dense matter, including the seeding and development of surface and beam instabilities, ambipolar expansion, shock formation, and dynamics at the surfaces or at buried layers. In this paper, we focus on XFEL plasma probing for high power laser matter interactions based on quantitative calculations using synthesized data and evaluate the feasibility of various imaging and scattering techniques with special focus on the small angle X-ray scattering technique.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., D-01328 Dresden (Germany)
  2. Universität Siegen, D-57068 Siegen (Germany)
  3. (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22251836
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; BEAMS; FREE ELECTRON LASERS; INTERACTIONS; PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS; POTENTIALS; PROBES; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SMALL ANGLE SCATTERING; SOLIDS; SURFACES; TAIL ELECTRONS; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION