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Title: Parametrization of textural patterns in {sup 123}I-ioflupane imaging for the automatic detection of Parkinsonism

Purpose: A novel approach to a computer aided diagnosis system for the Parkinson's disease is proposed. This tool is intended as a supporting tool for physicians, based on fully automated methods that lead to the classification of{sup 123}I-ioflupane SPECT images. Methods: {sup 123}I-ioflupane images from three different databases are used to train the system. The images are intensity and spatially normalized, then subimages are extracted and a 3D gray-level co-occurrence matrix is computed over these subimages, allowing the characterization of the texture using Haralick texture features. Finally, different discrimination estimation methods are used to select a feature vector that can be used to train and test the classifier. Results: Using the leave-one-out cross-validation technique over these three databases, the system achieves results up to a 97.4% of accuracy, and 99.1% of sensitivity, with positive likelihood ratios over 27. Conclusions: The system presents a robust feature extraction method that helps physicians in the diagnosis task by providing objective, operator-independent textural information about{sup 123}I-ioflupane images, commonly used in the diagnosis of the Parkinson's disease. Textural features computation has been optimized by using a subimage selection algorithm, and the discrimination estimation methods used here makes the system feature-independent, allowing us to extend itmore » to other databases and diseases.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Signal Processing and Biomedical Applications Research Group, Department of Signal Theory, Networking and Communications, University of Granada, Granada 18071 (Spain)
  2. Department of Nuclear Medicine, Virgen de las Nieves Hospital, Granada 18071 (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22251738
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ACCURACY; ALGORITHMS; CALCULATION METHODS; DIAGNOSIS; IMAGES; IODINE 123; NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SINGLE PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; VALIDATION