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Title: The dissociative chemisorption of methane on Ni(100) and Ni(111): Classical and quantum studies based on the reaction path Hamiltonian

Electronic structure methods based on density functional theory are used to construct a reaction path Hamiltonian for CH{sub 4} dissociation on the Ni(100) and Ni(111) surfaces. Both quantum and quasi-classical trajectory approaches are used to compute dissociative sticking probabilities, including all molecular degrees of freedom and the effects of lattice motion. Both approaches show a large enhancement in sticking when the incident molecule is vibrationally excited, and both can reproduce the mode specificity observed in experiments. However, the quasi-classical calculations significantly overestimate the ground state dissociative sticking at all energies, and the magnitude of the enhancement in sticking with vibrational excitation is much smaller than that computed using the quantum approach or observed in the experiments. The origin of this behavior is an unphysical flow of zero point energy from the nine normal vibrational modes into the reaction coordinate, giving large values for reaction at energies below the activation energy. Perturbative assumptions made in the quantum studies are shown to be accurate at all energies studied.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22251430
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; ACTIVATION ENERGY; CHEMISORPTION; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DISSOCIATION; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; HAMILTONIANS; METHANE; PROBABILITY; SPECIFICITY