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Title: A universal setup for active control of a single-photon detector

The influence of bright light on a single-photon detector has been described in a number of recent publications. The impact on quantum key distribution (QKD) is important, and several hacking experiments have been tailored to fully control single-photon detectors. Special attention has been given to avoid introducing further errors into a QKD system. We describe the design and technical details of an apparatus which allows to attack a quantum-cryptographic connection. This device is capable of controlling free-space and fiber-based systems and of minimizing unwanted clicks in the system. With different control diagrams, we are able to achieve a different level of control. The control was initially targeted to the systems using BB84 protocol, with polarization encoding and basis switching using beamsplitters, but could be extended to other types of systems. We further outline how to characterize the quality of active control of single-photon detectors.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim (Norway)
  2. Centre for Quantum Technologies and Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 2, Singapore 117543 (Singapore)
  3. Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)
  4. Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstraße 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22251114
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DESIGN; EQUIPMENT; ERRORS; FIBERS; PHOTONS; POLARIZATION; RADIATION DETECTORS; X-RAY DETECTION