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Title: Fluidized-bed atomic layer deposition reactor for the synthesis of core-shell nanoparticles

The design of a fluidized bed atomic layer deposition (ALD) reactor is described in detail. The reactor consists of three parts that have all been placed in one protective cabinet: precursor dosing, reactor, and residual gas treatment section. In the precursor dosing section, the chemicals needed for the ALD reaction are injected into the carrier gas using different methods for different precursors. The reactor section is designed in such a way that a homogeneous fluidized bed can be obtained with a constant, actively controlled, reactor pressure. Furthermore, no filters are required inside the reactor chamber, minimizing the risk of pressure increase due to fouling. The residual gas treatment section consists of a decomposition furnace to remove residual precursor and a particle filter and is installed to protect the pump. In order to demonstrate the performance of the reactor, SiO{sub 2} particles have been coated with TiO{sub 2} using tetrakis-dimethylamino titanium (TDMAT) and H{sub 2}O as precursors. Experiments with varying pulse times show that saturated growth can be obtained with TDMAT pulse times larger than 600 s. Analysis of the powder with High-Angle Annular Dark-Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (HAADF-STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy confirmed that after 50 cycles, allmore » SiO{sub 2} particles were coated with a 1.6 nm homogenous shell of TiO{sub 2}.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Chemical Engineering, P.O. Box 5045, 2600 GA Delft (Netherlands)
  2. NXP Semiconductors, High Tech Campus 32, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands)
  3. Thin Film Factory B.V., Hemma Oddastrjitte 5, 8927 AA Leeuwarden (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22251058
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DECOMPOSITION; DESIGN; FLUIDIZED BEDS; NANOSTRUCTURES; PERFORMANCE; POWDERS; SHELLS; SILICA; SILICON OXIDES; SYNTHESIS; TITANIUM; TITANIUM OXIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY