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Title: Fluorescence of silicon nanoparticles prepared by nanosecond pulsed laser

A pulsed laser fabrication method is used to prepare fluorescent microstructures on silicon substrates in this paper. A 355 nm nanosecond pulsed laser micromachining system was designed, and the performance was verified and optimized. Fluorescence microscopy was used to analyze the photoluminescence of the microstructures which were formed using the pulsed laser processing technique. Photoluminescence spectra of the microstructure reveal a peak emission around 500 nm, from 370 nm laser irradiation. The light intensity also shows an exponential decay with irradiation time, which is similar to attenuation processes seen in porous silicon. The surface morphology and chemical composition of the microstructure in the fabricated region was also analyzed with multifunction scanning electron microscopy. Spherical particles are produced with diameters around 100 nm. The structure is compared with porous silicon. It is likely that these nanoparticles act as luminescence recombination centers on the silicon surface. The small diameter of the particles modifies the band gap of silicon by quantum confinement effects. Electron-hole pairs recombine and the fluorescence emission shifts into the visible range. The chemical elements of the processed region are also changed during the interaction between laser and silicon. Oxidation and carbonization play an important role in the enhancement ofmore » fluorescence emission.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471003 (China)
  2. Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22250874
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARBONIZATION; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; FLUORESCENCE; INTERACTIONS; IRRADIATION; LASER BEAM MACHINING; LASER RADIATION; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; OXIDATION; PARTICLES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICON; SPECTRA; SUBSTRATES