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Title: Enhanced magnetic behavior, exchange bias effect, and dielectric property of BiFeO{sub 3} incorporated in (BiFeO{sub 3}){sub 0.50} (Co{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.4}Cu{sub 0.2} Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 0.5} nanocomposite

Nanoparticles of BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO) are incorporated in the nanocomposite of (BiFeO{sub 3}){sub 0.50} (Co{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.4}Cu{sub 0.2} Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 0.5}, (BFO-CZCF) and these are prepared by chemical route. The formation of pure crystallographic phase of each component (BFO and CZCF) in the nanocomposite of BFO-CZCF has been confirmed by Rietveld analysis of the X-ray diffractograms using FULLPROF program. Morphology, average particle size and its distribution, crystallographic phase etc. are obtained from the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy of BFO-CZCF. Magnetic measurements of BFO-CZCF have been carried out to explore the modulation of magnetic behavior of BFO in BFO-CZCF. Interestingly, magnetization of BFO-CZCF has been drastically enhanced compared to that of the pristine BFO. An exchange bias effect is also observed in the M vs. H loops of BFO-CZCF recorded in field cooled and zero field cooled conditions, which suggest that nanoparticles of BFO (AFM) are encapsulated by nanoparticles of CZCF (FM) in BFO-CZCF. Thermal variation of dielectric constant of BFO-CZCF is recorded in the range of 300 to 1073 K and a ferroelectric to paraelectric transition is observed at ∼728 K. Enhanced magnetic property of BFO would quite interesting for this important multiferroic.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Solid State Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Burdwan University, Burdwan-713104, West Bengal (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22250844
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; FERRITES; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLE SIZE; PARTICLES; PERMITTIVITY; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION