skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Density functional theory study of the mechanism of Li diffusion in rutile RuO{sub 2}

First-principle calculations are carried out to study the diffusion of Li ions in rutile structure RuO{sub 2}, a material for positive electrodes in rechargeable Li ion batteries. The calculations focus on migration pathways and energy barriers for diffusion in Li-poor and Li-rich phases using the Nudged Elastic Band Method. Diffusion coefficients estimated based on calculated energy barriers are in good agreement with experimental values reported in the literature. The results confirm the anisotropic nature of diffusion of Li ions in one-dimensional c channels along the [001] crystalline direction of rutile RuO{sub 2} and show that Li diffusion in the Li-poor phase is faster than in the Li-rich phase. The findings of fast Li diffusion and feasible Li insertion at low temperatures in the host rutile RuO{sub 2} suggest this material is a good ionic conductor for Li transport. The finding also suggests possible means for enhancing the performance of RuO{sub 2}-based electrode materials.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. WCU Program on Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22250822
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANISOTROPY; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; ELECTRIC CONDUCTORS; LITHIUM IONS; RUTHENIUM OXIDES; RUTILE