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Title: A framework for combining social impact assessment and risk assessment

An increasing focus on integrative approaches is one of the current trends in impact assessment. There is potential to combine impact assessment with various other forms of assessment, such as risk assessment, to make impact assessment and the management of social risks more effective. We identify the common features of social impact assessment (SIA) and social risk assessment (SRA), and discuss the merits of a combined approach. A hybrid model combining SIA and SRA to form a new approach called, ‘risk and social impact assessment’ (RSIA) is introduced. RSIA expands the capacity of SIA to evaluate and manage the social impacts of risky projects such as nuclear energy as well as natural hazards and disasters such as droughts and floods. We outline the three stages of RSIA, namely: impact identification, impact assessment, and impact management. -- Highlights: • A hybrid model to combine SIA and SRA namely RSIA is proposed. • RSIA can provide the proper mechanism to assess social impacts of natural hazards. • RSIA can play the role of ex-post as well as ex-ante assessment. • For some complicated and sensitive cases like nuclear energy, conducting a RSIA is necessary.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5]
  1. Department of Social Sciences in Agriculture, University of Hohenheim (Germany)
  2. (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  3. Department of Technology and Environmental Sociology (and DIALOGIK), University of Stuttgart (Germany)
  4. Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)
  5. College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22246903
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Impact Assessment Review; Journal Volume: 43; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACCIDENTS; DROUGHTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; FLOODS; HEALTH HAZARDS; NATURAL DISASTERS; NUCLEAR ENERGY; RISK ASSESSMENT; SOCIAL IMPACT